90-Day Reporting

90-Day Reporting

90-Day Reporting. Thailand requires long-term residents and certain visa holders to comply with the 90-day reporting rule, a process that ensures the government is aware of the current address of foreigners residing in the country. This guide provides an overview of the 90-day reporting requirements, methods, and important considerations to ensure compliance.

What is 90-Day Reporting?

90-day reporting is a regulation that mandates foreigners staying in Thailand for an extended period to report their current address to the Immigration Bureau every 90 days. This rule applies to anyone on a long-term visa, including retirement, business, marriage, and education visas.

Who Needs to Report?

Any foreigner staying in Thailand for more than 90 consecutive days must report their address. This includes individuals with:

  • Non-Immigrant Visas: Including B (business), O (retirement or family), ED (education), and others.
  • Permanent Residents: Those with permanent residency status in Thailand.

Reporting Methods

There are several ways to complete the 90-day reporting:

  1. In-Person at Immigration Office:
    • Visit the nearest immigration office.
    • Fill out the TM.47 form.
    • Submit your passport, departure card (TM.6), and the completed form.
  2. By Mail:
    • Send the completed TM.47 form along with a copy of your passport (photo page, current visa, and latest entry stamp), and a self-addressed stamped envelope to the nearest immigration office.
    • Mail must be sent 7 days before the 90-day period ends.
  3. Online:
    • Visit the official Thai Immigration website.
    • Complete the online reporting form.
    • Note that the online system may have occasional downtimes and specific browser requirements.
  4. Through an Agent:
    • You can appoint a legal representative or agent to report on your behalf.
    • Ensure the agent has all necessary documents and authorization.

Important Considerations

  1. Timeliness: Reporting must be done within 15 days before or 7 days after the 90-day period ends. Failing to report on time can result in fines.
  2. Re-entry: If you leave Thailand and return, the 90-day count restarts from the day of re-entry.
  3. Notification of Residence: If you change your address, you must notify immigration within 24 hours of the move.
  4. Documentation: Keep copies of all forms and receipts as proof of compliance.

Penalties for Non-Compliance

Failing to comply with the 90-day reporting requirement can lead to fines. The standard fine for late reporting is 2,000 THB, which can increase if the violation is discovered by immigration authorities rather than self-reported.

Streamlining the Process

To make the 90-day reporting process smoother:

  • Set Reminders: Use calendar reminders to ensure you report on time.
  • Prepare Documents: Keep a set of required documents ready to avoid last-minute hassles.
  • Use Online Services: When functional, the online reporting system can save time and avoid queues at immigration offices.


The 90-day reporting requirement in Thailand is a straightforward process designed to keep track of foreign residents. By understanding the methods and ensuring timely compliance, residents can avoid fines and contribute to an organized residency system. Whether done in person, by mail, online, or through an agent, staying informed and prepared will ensure a hassle-free reporting experience.

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